What is the test for service of process by substituted service?

British Columbia, Canada

The following excerpt is from Balla v. Fitch Research Corp., 1999 CanLII 6605 (BC SC):

Several of the decided cases in which the service of process by substituted service was in issue refer to the decision of the Lord Chancellor in Hope v. Hope (1854), 43 E.R. 534 where he stated: "The object of all services is of course only to give notice to the party on whom it is made, so that he may be made aware of and may be able to resist that which is sought against him; and when that has been substantially done, so that the court may feel perfectly confident that service has reached him, everything has been done that is required."

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