What is the test for conducting an independent review of the voluntariness of a confession?

California, United States of America


The following excerpt is from People v. Johnson, B282481 (Cal. App. 2018):

"'On appeal, we conduct an independent review of the trial court's legal determination' as to the voluntariness of a confession." (People v. Wall, supra, 3 Cal.5th at p. 1066.) "[W]here, as here, '[t]he facts surrounding an admission or confession are undisputed to the extent the interview is tape-recorded,' those facts" are also "'subject to our independent

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