What is the duty of a golf course owner towards a golfer?

California, United States of America

The following excerpt is from American Golf Corp. v. Superior Court, 79 Cal.App.4th 30, 93 Cal.Rptr.2d 683 (Cal. App. 2000):

"The duty of a golf course towards a golfer is to provide a reasonably safe golf course. This duty requires the golf course owner `to minimize the risks without altering the nature of the sport. [Citations.]'" (Morgan v. Fuji Country USA, Inc., supra, 34 Cal.App.4th at p. 134, 40 Cal. Rptr.2d 249.) "Thus, the owner of a golf course has an obligation to design a golf course to minimize the risk that players will be hit by golf balls, e.g., by the way the various tees, fairways and greens are aligned or separated. In certain areas of a golf course, because of the alignment or separation of the tee, fairway and/or greens, the golf course owner may also have a duty to provide protection for players from being hit with golf balls `where the greatest danger exists and where such an occurrence is reasonably to be expected [citation]'...." (Ibid.)

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