The following excerpt is from Souratgar v. Lee Jen Fair, Docket No. 12-5088 (2nd Cir. 2013):
child by the father, the father was found to be frequently drunk, emotionally unstable, and to have threatened the child and verbally and physically abused the mother in the child's presence); Danaipour v. McLarey, 286 F.3d 1, 5-8 (1st Cir. 2002) (father may have sexually abused the daughter). In distinguishing the foregoing cases, we do not mean to suggest that only evidence of past parental abuse of the child, past parental threats to the child or the child's fear of a parent can establish a successful Article 13(b) defense. We only hold that in this case, the evidence, which does not match the showing in those cases, does not establish that the child faces a grave risk of physical or psychological harm upon repatriation.