What are the elements of the tort of unlawful interference with economic interest?

Ontario, Canada


The following excerpt is from Mini Minders Inc. v Downing, 2019 CanLII 31635 (ON SCSM):

33. The second tort alleged to have been committed is that of unlawful interference with economic interest. In Alleslev-Krofchak v. Valcom Limited, 2010 ONCA 557 (CanLII) the court stated that the tort of interference with economic interest arises where a third party interferes with the plaintiff's economic interests as a result of unlawful means used by the defendant against the third party. To successfully prove this tort the plaintiff must plead and prove material facts to meet the following elements;

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