What rights does a man have to defend his home in the face of an attack?

Ontario, Canada


The following excerpt is from R. v. Forde, 2011 ONCA 592 (CanLII):

The maxim that a man’s home is his castle has given rise to the principle that a person has the right to defend him or herself in his or her own home without the duty to retreat from the home in the face of an attack. As Cardozo J. put it in People v. Tomlins, 213 NY 240 (1914), at pp. 243: It is not now, and never has been the law that a man assailed in his own dwelling, is bound to retreat. If assailed there, he may stand his ground, and resist the attack. He is under no duty to take to the field and the highways, a fugitive from his own home.

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