What are the obligations of a trial judge in instructing a jury in a criminal case?

Ontario, Canada


The following excerpt is from R. v. Saleh, 2013 ONCA 742 (CanLII):

It is beyond controversy that among the obligations imposed upon a trial judge in instructing a jury in a criminal case, except in cases where it would be needless to do so, is the duty to review the substantial parts of the evidence and to give the jury the position of the defence, so that the jury may appreciate the value and effect of the evidence, and how the law is to be applied to the facts as the jury finds them to be: Azoulay v. The Queen, 1952 CanLII 4 (SCC), [1952] 2 S.C.R. 495, at pp. 497-498.

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