The use of the defence is qualified by the equitable “clean hands” doctrine. In Tinsley v. Milligan,  3 All E.R. 65, the court explained the doctrine at ¶9 as follows: [I]f A puts property in the name of B intending to conceal his (A’s) interest in the property for a fraudulent or illegal purpose, neither law nor equity will allow A to recover the property, and equity will not assist him in asserting an equitable interest in it. This principle applies whether the transaction takes the form of a transfer of property by A to B, or the purchase by A of property in the name of B.
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