Even where a plaintiff has established breach of the standard of care, she must also prove that the breach caused injury to the plaintiff. The test for causation is the “but for” test; that is, the plaintiff must show that but for the defendant’s breach of duty the injury would not have occurred: Clements v. Clements, 2012 SCC 32 at paras. 8-10; Tripp at paras. 38-40.
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