The fact that the parties intended to marry, lived together as husband and wife and have a family together are all factors that militate in favour of finding a valid union in circumstances where documents attesting to the marriage do not exists. See: Luu v. Ma,  O.J. No. 493 (C.J.).
The threshold question of the existence of a valid marriage was considered in Ayoub v. Osman,  O.J. No. 1176 (S.C.). In reviewing the circumstance of that case, Aston J. stated at paras. 7-9:
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