What are the factors used in determining whether a witness is truthful and accurate?

British Columbia, Canada


The following excerpt is from Yang v Lockhart, 2022 BCSC 32 (CanLII):

The factors identified by Justice Dillon in Bradshaw v. Stenner, 2010 BCSC 1398 at para. 186, aff'd 2012 BCCA 296, play a role in assessing whether the evidence of a witness is truthful and accurate. These factors include the ability of the witness to resist being influenced by his or her interest in recalling the relevant events; the internal and external consistency of the witness's evidence; whether the witness's evidence harmonizes with or is contradicted by other evidence, particularly independent or undisputed evidence; whether his or her evidence seems unreasonable, improbable or unlikely, bearing in mind the probabilities affecting the case; and the witness's demeanour, meaning the way he or she presents while testifying.

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