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Alexsei provides high-quality answers to complex legal questions in memo format for lawyers. Below you can see a collection of sample excerpts from just some of the thousands of research memos we produce.


What is the onus on a defendant seeking to deduct future accident benefits?


Ontario, Canada

Can a signatory state make an order to protect a child under Article 13(b) of the Convention on Human Rights?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the consequence of an indefinite suspension followed by a two-month definite suspension?


Ontario, Canada

Does correspondence between the parties in a motor vehicle accident claim a waiver of any proof of loss that was not delivered?


Ontario, Canada

What are the relevant legal principles relevant to the issues before me?


British Columbia, Canada

Does the doctrine of forum non conveniens apply against defendants who were not in Canada during the Class Period?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for a jury to overturn a finding that a jury misapprehended or misunderstood the evidence?


Saskatchewan, Canada

What is the current state of the law on the reliability of opinion evidence?


Ontario, Canada

What is the quantum of costs awarded in a personal injury action?


Prince Edward Island, Canada

What is the burden of proof for discrimination against a police force?


Ontario, Canada

What is the standard of care owed by a municipality to users of the road?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for an allegation of sexual assault where there is no evidence that there was any hope of advancement or fear of prejudice?


Alberta, Canada

What is the test for determining whether a historical access road is an access road?


Ontario, Canada

Is an arbitrator obligated to ensure that the provisions of a collective agreement comply with the Human Rights Code?


British Columbia, Canada

What factors are considered to determine whether to bring a class action?


Ontario, Canada

What is the current state of the law on disclosure of privileged documents?


British Columbia, Canada

Is a plaintiff required to tender expert evidence on the standard of care?


British Columbia, Canada

What factors will a court consider in determining the sentence for possession of a sawn-off shotgun?


Ontario, Canada

Are pension benefits in issue a form of non-deductible, non-indemnity insurance?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What is the scope of the reasonableness and proportionality of a cost determination in a personal injury case?


Ontario, Canada

What is the standard of care expected of a prudent real estate agent?


British Columbia, Canada

In what circumstances will the court require that a document be submitted so that the contents of the document can be reviewed by the court to determine whether it is privileged?


Saskatchewan, Canada

What is the legal test for using an earnings approach?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for a stay application?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What proportionality principles apply to disclosure in civil proceedings?


Ontario, Canada

Can a lawyer obtain a desk order for divorce from the opposing counsel?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the law on mutual debts?


Manitoba, Canada

What is the reasonable notice of an employee on termination without cause?


British Columbia, Canada

In what circumstances will a motor vehicle be insured in the absence of a safety check?


Alberta, Canada

What is the test for making interim payments from family assets?


British Columbia, Canada

Does the fact that a complaint may raise issues of credibility in the context of an application to dismiss be grounds for dismissal?


British Columbia, Canada

What are the factors used in determining whether to accept a complaint from a party who has been waiting six months?


British Columbia, Canada

What is solicitor and client privilege and what is its purpose?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for a motion for a no evidence motion in a sexual assault case?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the burden on the accused to establish that an order under S.O.I.R. would be grossly disproportionate to the interests of the public in registration?


Manitoba, Canada

What is the test for a contract that is unenforceable?


Saskatchewan, Canada

What is the threshold for a reconsideration of a decision by the Supreme Court of Canada?


British Columbia, Canada

Is there any concern for judicial economy or concern about judicial economy?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What is the definition of a transfer of assets between a husband and wife?


Canada (Federal), Canada

Does the applicant have the right to claim constructive dismissal if she continued to work for DiVinci between January 2006 and April 2006, even though her wages were paid intermittently?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for producing a plaintiff's medical records?


British Columbia, Canada

In what circumstances will a witness be called by the prosecution?


Saskatchewan, Canada

Can hours accumulated outside the qualifying period be used to qualify for benefits?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What is the test for striking Rule 25.11?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for late notice of a municipality's failure to provide notice to a plaintiff?


Ontario, Canada

Is a Form B valid if it was issued without the strata's consent?


British Columbia, Canada

In what circumstances will a court grant leave and certification under the CPA and also grant leave to proceed under Part XXIII of the Securities Act?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for conducting examinations for discovery?


Ontario, Canada

When will the court grant access to the children to their grandparents?


British Columbia, Canada

What constitutes a pooling of funds for family purposes?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for establishing that a trespasser is a licensee?


Alberta, Canada

What is the test for a jury to convict a defendant on two counts of common assault?


Prince Edward Island, Canada

What is the impact of the Royal Proclamation on the relationship between Indians and the colonists?


Ontario, Canada

What is the case law on equitable sharing of the economic consequences of marriage breakdown (compensatory model)?


British Columbia, Canada

Can a disposition be fraudulent conveyance?


British Columbia, Canada

Can a negative job reference give rise to a claim of discrimination with respect to employment?


Ontario, Canada

What is the standard of review of a decision by a tribunal?


Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

What is the test for unjust enrichment in the context of a broken-up relationship?


Nova Scotia, Canada

What is the current state of the law on hearsay evidence?


Saskatchewan, Canada

What is the applicable standard of review in the context of a personal injury case?


Canada (Federal), Canada

Does the defence of due diligence apply to regulatory regulatory offences where the defence against due diligence is to be assessed by the trial court?


Ontario, Canada

What is the difference between an engineering report and material facts?


British Columbia, Canada

How has the court considered an application for indigent status?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for having a custody order under the Children’s Law Reform Act?


Ontario, Canada

Is hiring a ranch hand a form of compensation for lost income?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for oppression and unfair prejudice?


Ontario, Canada

Does a common law right to freedom of expression apply to section 2 of the Fraser Code?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What is the test for establishing that a physician's assessment of pain, disability and recommended treatment is based on a medical opinion?


British Columbia, Canada

Is there any irreparable harm to a family of six who have been brought to Canada from Tanzania?


Canada (Federal), Canada

Does a trial judge make a fatal error in determining the best interests of Cole?


Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

What is the state of the law in relation to the authenticity of documents filed in a personal injury action?


Ontario, Canada

Is a father entitled to exclusive possession of the home?


Ontario, Canada

Is there any case law that supports the argument that a hockey stick fell into the face of another player's eye injury?


British Columbia, Canada

Is medical treatment that prevents a party from attending a hearing sufficient to cause the adjournment of a hearing?


Ontario, Canada

In what circumstances have courts accepted that a letter constitutes an acknowledgment of a cause of action?


British Columbia, Canada

Is disclosure of the identity of a client privileged?


British Columbia, Canada

How have the courts in BC dealt with the issue of a manager not always working nights?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for a parent's educational plan for their child?


Ontario, Canada

Is a property brought into the marriage and received by one of the partners a constructive trust interest in favour of the other spouse even if it has not increased in value?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for gross negligence in a medical malpractice case?


Saskatchewan, Canada

What is the test for setting aside an order under Rule 22-1(3)?


British Columbia, Canada

Can a shareholder of a company file a certificate of pending litigation?


British Columbia, Canada

Is there a cause of action at common law to enforce statutorily-conferred rights?


British Columbia, Canada

Are there any cases where the police defendants have been ordered to pay costs of a self-represented plaintiff?


Ontario, Canada

What is the intent of the purchaser of a hot-tub at the closing of a real-estate transaction?


Ontario, Canada

What is the conceptual basis for spousal support?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for a unionized employee to take their grievance to arbitration?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What is the test for monitoring the result of an employee's work?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What is the role of the court in determining the custody of a young child between 7 and 11 years old?


Ontario, Canada

In what circumstances will a court order maintenance for 10 years in a relationship where the recipient is unable to work?


Nova Scotia, Canada

What is the test for establishing that a spouse's support or maintenance obligation ends when the payor dies?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for revocation of a licence?


Ontario, Canada

What is the definition of a commercial premises?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for meeting an extension to the time of trial for Delio's delay in presenting his mother's claim at trial?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for enforcing a settlement under Rule 49.02(1) or Form 49A?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for a plaintiff to be successful in a sexual assault case?


Ontario, Canada

Can a strata corporation add additional parties to its counterclaim and a third party claim?


British Columbia, Canada

Is there any case law where a parent has been found to be an objective parent?


Nova Scotia, Canada

What is the law governing lateral transfers of solicitors to a law firm acting against their client?


Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

Is the common law common law methodology still relevant in constitutional litigation?


British Columbia, Canada

Does an employee have a right to be heard by an appeal panel after termination?


Nova Scotia, Canada

Is a defective information part of the record of a case?


Saskatchewan, Canada

What are the general principles to apply to a division of half interest in a long-term relationship?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for a personal injury damage assessment under Rule 18A?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the current limitation on future income loss for an infant's estate?


Alberta, Canada

What is the standard of review for a motion where a claim has been made that the claim is not reasonable?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What factors will be considered when assessing credibility?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for a plaintiff to bring a motion to amend her name to make changes to her name?


Ontario, Canada

Are special costs punitive and serve as a chastise to the offending party?


British Columbia, Canada

Is there a bar to continued tracing arising from a third party purchaser's purchase of a trust fund?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for privacy protection in the context of Section 8 of the Criminal Code?


Alberta, Canada

In what circumstances will a defendant be found with a quantity of crack cocaine?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for a patent application?


Nova Scotia, Canada

What is the test for determining the appropriate amount of spousal support pending trial?


Ontario, Canada

How should the court assess a loss of earning capacity?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test to apply in determining whether a defendant should be permitted to make payments out of funds subject to a proprietary injunction?


Ontario, Canada

Can a settlement be set aside if an applicant was under duress at the time, he signed it?


Ontario, Canada

Is there any difference between the way the courts deal with alleged past events and hypothetical events?


British Columbia, Canada

Is an easement necessary for the reasonable enjoyment of land granted by an owner of land and retains other parts himself?


Ontario, Canada

What is the tort of civil conspiracy in the context of lightweight aggregate litigation?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the difference between a parenting report ordered under s. 211 of the BC Family Law Code?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for establishing a real and substantial possibility?


British Columbia, Canada

What are the implications of section 121(2) of the Constitution Act, 1867 on the Canadian economy?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What are the factors used to determine whether a statement was reliable?


British Columbia, Canada

In a personal injury action, in what circumstances will an arbitrator accept a lump sum lump sum payment?


Ontario, Canada

What are the principles that apply to a spousal support claim?


Ontario, Canada

Is there a class period for tort and breach of fiduciary duty claims?


Nova Scotia, Canada

What is the test for rejecting a claimant's evidence on the grounds that it is not plausible?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What are the professional conduct guidelines for a lawyer who imposes conditions of trust on a vendor's solicitor?


Alberta, Canada

What is the test for invalidating a will?


British Columbia, Canada

In what circumstances will Master Chamberlist have to apply for interim spousal support?


British Columbia, Canada

Does a motion judge have any authority to apportion plaintiff’s costs on the same percentage basis as liability?


Ontario, Canada

Does a statement made in a quasi-judicial proceeding constitute absolute privilege?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for pleading that there are implied terms or oral amendments to a contract?


Ontario, Canada

Does solicitor-client privilege extend to conversations in which a person makes disclosures while seeking to retain a solicitor?


Alberta, Canada

How have courts interpreted the rule of common law in the context of personal injury cases?


British Columbia, Canada

In what circumstances will a public sector employee be able to go on strike?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What is the test for mitigation in a breach of contract case?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the legal standard applied and what is the meaning of the test?


Yukon, Canada

What are the implications of the Pierringer Order and the amended statement of claim?


Ontario, Canada

Can a court find a real estate agent liable in negligence for failing to provide evidence of customary practice?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for reviewing a conviction by a trial judge in a sexual assault case?


Alberta, Canada

Does a plaintiff have a legally tenable claim against the proposed defendants?


Ontario, Canada

Does the Court of Appeal have any authority to interfere with the exercise of a trial judge in custody matters?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for security of the person under s. 11(b) of the Criminal Code of Canada?


Ontario, Canada

Can a Registrar make a determination as to damages?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for material inducement in real estate transactions?


Saskatchewan, Canada

What is the test for terminating a trust created by the last will and testament of a deceased person?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the standard of correctness of a tribunal arbitrator's interpretation of common law?


Prince Edward Island, Canada

How has the but for test been applied in medical malpractice cases?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the effect of s. 548(1) of the Criminal Code on committal?


Ontario, Canada

What is the standard of review for procedural fairness?


Ontario, Canada

What is the test for establishing that a transaction is bona fide?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for adding parties in a personal injury action?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for establishing that a party with the onus must prove the relevant facts on a balance of probabilities?


Alberta, Canada

Does a limited hunting restriction on hunting in accordance with the terms of the Agreement?


Saskatchewan, Canada

What factors must the courts consider when assessing a claim for wrongful death?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for damages for delay in processing applications for permanent residence?


Canada (Federal), Canada

Can an adult child who pursues post-secondary education be considered a child of the marriage?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the standard of proof in the context of workers’ compensation law?


New Brunswick, Canada

What is the legal test for a stay of execution under the English application of the forum non conveniens analysis?


British Columbia, Canada

What are the principles of the Court of Appeal in cases where a party has declined to call a witness?


British Columbia, Canada

Is there a bare trust in a trust?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the legal test for summarily proceeding in a personal injury case?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for assessing the cost of future care provided to a plaintiff in a mental health case?


British Columbia, Canada

Is a new, more recent, general provision in the Criminal Code of Canada sufficient to replace or replace a previously inconsistent section of legislation?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What is the test for making each party bear their own costs in a personal injury action?


British Columbia, Canada

Can constructive trust be imposed to remedy an unjust enrichment?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the effect of perception in the context of a medical malpractice case?


Nova Scotia, Canada

What is the duty owed by an occupier of a premises to an invitee to that premises?


Saskatchewan, Canada

Is there any connection between an irregularity in the result of an election and the relief sought?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for determining whether a manufacturer of a product is responsible for a product's adverse effects?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the date of an interlocutory order suspending the respondent's licence?


Ontario, Canada

Does a licensing by-law that includes the names, addresses and telephone numbers of a landlord conflict with the provisions of the Personal Information Protection Act?


Ontario, Canada

What is a management fee for loss of past income or loss of earnings?


British Columbia, Canada

What are the principles applied by the courts in assessing the credibility of the accused?


Yukon, Canada

What is the proper approach to assessing the truth of testimony given by any interested witness?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the legal test for termination without notice?


British Columbia, Canada

Can a party in a commercial real estate transaction aborts the closing of the transaction and forfeits the deposit?


British Columbia, Canada

What are the elements of a home invasion?


Alberta, Canada

Is a spouse entitled to share in post-separation income increases if the recipient spouse has contributed significantly to the recipient's income during the course of the marriage?


Ontario, Canada

Is there any connection between issuance of a danger opinion and cruel and unusual treatment?


Canada (Federal), Canada

What is the test for a motion to strike the vicarious liability claim?


British Columbia, Canada

What authority exists to establish that a court has jurisdiction in personam?


Alberta, Canada

What are the elements in Miracle Feeds?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the current standard of conduct for a lawyer who has been found guilty of misconduct by a panel of the Law Society of Upper Canada for failing to comply with the rules of professional conduct?


Ontario, Canada

What is the traditional approach to vary a final judgment or order?


Alberta, Canada

What is the test applied in medical malpractice cases where the specialist failed to possess or exercise reasonable degree of learning and skill?


British Columbia, Canada

Does the rule in Foss v Harbottle apply to the REIT in this action?


British Columbia, Canada

In what circumstances will a jury find that a horse was responsible for the death of a testator?


Saskatchewan, Canada

What is the legal test for winding-up of a private company?


British Columbia, Canada

If an employer has not responded to a Transit Union grievance, can the union claim damages?


Nova Scotia, Canada

Is there any case law supporting the argument of efficiency in the context of a motion to stay the application?


British Columbia, Canada

When will a lawyer be found to have a disqualifying conflict of interest if their client’s consent is not sufficient?


Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada

What is the meaning of the word "without prejudice" in the context of privileged correspondence?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for establishing a claim for loss of earning capacity in the future?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for a custody application for access to a child where the father has learned that the mother intends to move from Saskatoon to Australia with the child?


Saskatchewan, Canada

What is the test for committal in an extradition proceeding?


British Columbia, Canada

What is the test for bringing forward an application for a recognition order on an ex parte basis?


British Columbia, Canada

Can the court fix a sum to be paid in lieu of taxation?


British Columbia, Canada